Lighting & Light Management

Plastic sheet and film for lighting applications and LED light diffusion challenges

Materials for lighting application challenges

Acrylic and polycarbonate are tough, lightweight, plastic sheet materials with outstanding optical properties. Both are easy to machine and thermoform into complex shapes. These characteristics make them good choices for lighting applications, particularly for mass transit and aerospace where strength, durability, and light weight are required. Other lighting applications these materials work well in are: lighting fixtures, commercial lighting, sconces, retail merchandising, menu boards, jewelry cases, lenses, and for LED light diffusion.

Acrylic - generally has superior optical properties compared with polycarbonate. It offers good light transmission, diffusion of LED hot spots, and is easy to fabricate.

Polycarbonate - is tougher and more durable than acrylic. It can operate at a higher temperature, and has superior flammability characteristics. Polycarbonate sheet and film have good light transmission, excellent diffusion of LED hot spots, and offer impact resistance along with good heat resistance. Polycarbonate film offers additional benefits including flexibility and formability. 
 

LED lighting and diffusion solutions

LEDs are long lasting, energy efficient light sources. However, LEDs can be particularly challenging for lighting designers since LEDs create “hot spots” of focused light that can detract from the visual appeal of a fixture. Special grades of acrylic sheet, polycarbonate sheet, and polycarbonate film are engineered to diffuse LED hot spots without sacrificing light transmission.

Acrylic and Polycarbonate Sheet and Polycarbonate Film help diffuse LED hot spots
LED lighting and diffusion solutions diffuse LED hot spots without sacrificing light transmission

 

Acrylic sheet for lighting applications

Acrylic sheet is used for a wide range of lighting applications including:

Acrylic has a number of benefits for lighting applications:

  • Outstanding optical properties
  • The highest light transmission of any plastic material
  • Naturally UV stable for outdoor use (and available in grades with enhanced UV stability)

LED light diffusing acrylics including OPTIX® LD and Plexiglas® MC Diffusion are engineered to diffuse hot spots while maintaining very high light transmission.

Polycarbonate sheet for lighting applications

Polycarbonate sheet offers a number of advantages for lighting applications including: 

  • Increased toughness
  • The ability to operate at elevated temperatures
  • Outstanding flammability characteristics
  • Can be cold formed into complex shapes such as curved light diffusers
  • Available in UV stabilized grades that are engineered for outdoor use

Special grades of polycarbonate are engineered to meet even the most stringent flammability requirements for aircraft and mass transit lighting.

Makrolon® Lumen XT is a translucent, white polycarbonate sheet with LED light diffusing additives and a textured surface. This material does an outstanding job of diffusing LED hot spots while still having high light transmission. Lumen XT is available in a number of different formulations, allowing designers to select the optimum balance of light diffusion and light transmission for a particular application.

Makrofol® LM light diffusing polycarbonate films

Makrofol® LM polycarbonate films for light diffusing applicationsMakrofol® LM polycarbonate films offer unsurpassed design flexibility for light diffusing applications. These materials have textured surfaces and LED light diffusing additives to hide hot spots while still maintaining high light transmission. Makrofol® LM films can be printed, die cut, and cold formed into complex shapes. These materials are ideal choices for a wide variety of lighting applications including:

Makrofol® LM films are available in a number of different grades, allowing lighting designers to optimize light transmission and diffusion for a particular application.

Need materials for lighting applications? Contact us today.

With access to the latest materials, we can help you with all of your lighting application challenges. Our technical support and friendly service will help keep your project on time, and on budget. To learn more about our lighting expertise, please contact us today.

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Frequently Asked Questions
How do I select the right plastic material for my light diffusing application?

There are a number of things to consider when selecting a plastic material for a light diffusing application. These include the type of light source being used, the potential for impact, flammability requirements, outdoor exposure, and the service temperature range.

Which plastics are the best choices for diffusing LED light?

OPTIX® LD acrylic sheet, Plexiglas® MC Diffusion acrylic sheet, Makrolon® LD polycarbonate sheet, Makrolon® Lumen XT polycarbonate sheet, and Makrofol® LM polycarbonate films all have excellent LED light diffusing characteristics. 

Are there colored plastic materials available for lighting applications?

Most light diffusing plastics are clear or translucent white, however many different color choices are available including red, yellow, blue, and orange. Custom colors are also available upon request.

Can plastic light diffusers contribute to energy efficiency?

Plastic materials with good light diffusing and light transmitting properties can reduce the number and/or intensity of light sources required for an application and lower energy consumption for the lighting fixture. 

Which plastic materials can be used for outdoor lighting applications?

Most plastics will become brittle and exhibit color change if used outdoors. Service life will depend on latitude, humidity, and the angle of sunlight exposure. Plastics that have been engineered for enhanced UV stability including OPTIX® LD acrylic sheet and Makrolon® LD polycarbonate sheet will have longer service life in outdoor applications.