Oil and Gas

Minimize costly downtime with plastics that perform in unforgiving environments

High-Performance Plastic Components Stand Up to Hostile Conditions

Few industries are as demanding on their equipment as oil and gas exploration and production. Extreme temperatures, harsh environmental conditions, corrosive seawater, chemical exposure, and extraordinary friction and wear demands all add up to make uninterrupted operation one of engineering’s greatest challenges.

High-performance polymers offer many advantages over metal when used appropriately for machined components in oil and gas applications. With their light weight, cost-efficiency, durability, and resistance to heat, steam, chemicals, and corrosion, they improve performance and add exceptional value wherever they are applied: underground or in subsea systems, downhole or in rigging operations, and in exploration, oil refining, or hydraulic fracturing (fracking) operations.

Benefits of Plastics for Oil and Gas Applications:

  • Ease of fabrication
  • Impact and abrasion resistance
  • High-temperature and low-temperature capabilities
  • Resistance to chemicals, moisture, and corrosion
  • Reduced fuel costs
  • Excellent bearing and wear characteristics

Plastic Materials for Oil and Gas Exploration, Extraction, and Refining Applications

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DuPont™ Vespel® Polyimide

Extremely high temperature creep resistant plastic with excellent friction and wear characteristics.

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Nylon

Strong, stiff engineering plastic often used to replace metal bearings and bushings.

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PEEK

Strong, stiff plastic with outstanding chemical resistance; performs over a wide range of temperatures.

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PPS

Plastic material with excellent chemical and corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures.

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PTFE

Low friction engineering plastic with outstanding chemical, high temperature, and weathering resistance.

Oil and Gas Plastic Applications

  • Backup rings
  • Ball valves
  • Bearing and wear components
  • Compressor valve plates
  • Downhole insulators
  • Labyrinth seals
  • Lantern rings
  • O-rings
  • Piston rings and seals
  • Poppets
  • Seal and packing components
  • Sealing liquid natural gas or other cold media
  • Sheaves
  • Slipper seals
  • Spring-energized seals
  • Subsea connectors
  • Valve seats
  • Wear pads

Eliminate or Reduce Equipment Downtime

Ready to learn how plastics can help you eliminate or reduce downtime — which can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars per day?

The material experts at Curbell Plastics are here for you, ready to discuss your specific needs and guide you through the material selection process. We advise on and supply a broad range of engineering plastics and high-performance materials — including PEEK, PTFE, DuPont™ Vespel® Polyimide, PPS, and Nylon — critical for taking your oil and gas operations to the next level of efficiency, safety, and reliability. We also offer specialized services such as cut-to-size, fabricated parts, consignment, distribution, and packaging and kitting.

Most common plastic materials used in oil and gas exploration, extraction, and refining

PEEK

PEEK plastic is widely specified in the oil and gas industry due to its exceptional performance characteristics.

Some key characteristics of PEEK:

  • Resistance to harsh chemical and corrosive environments, including hydrogen sulfide at elevated temperatures
  • Superb hydrolysis resistance with high retention levels of mechanical properties after prolonged exposure to steam or sea water at elevated temperatures
  • Broad operational temperature range
  • Low levels of creep and excellent mechanical properties, which can be further enhanced by the addition of fillers such as glass and carbon fibers
  • Abrasion and wear resistance under high loads (bearing grades)

Common oil and gas applications for PEEK include:

  • Seal and packing components, such as backup rings, piston seals, and labyrinth seals
  • Subsea connectors
  • Poppets
  • Valve seats
  • Compressor valve plates

PTFE

Whereas PEEK is often used as an anti-extrusion backup due to its high strength characteristics, PTFE is softer and more ductile, which causes it to expand under compressive load and create an effective seal. PTFE is often specified where other common sealing materials, like elastomers, cannot meet the thermal, chemical, or tribological (friction, lubrication, and wear) demands of the application.

Some key characteristics of PTFE:

  • Exhibits the broadest chemical resistance of any commercially available polymer, due to its simple, fully fluorinated structure
  • Maintains ductility in cryogenic environments
  • Static and dynamic coefficients of friction are functionally equivalent, resulting in virtually no observable stick-slip phenomenon
  • Absorbs only a negligible amount of moisture

Common oil and gas applications of PTFE include:

  • Seal and packing components, such as O-rings, backup rings, spring-energized seals, slipper seals, and piston rings 
  • Sealing liquid natural gas or other cold media
  • Bearing and wear components (filled grades)

Other Proven High-Performance Materials for Oil and Gas Applications

DuPont™ Vespel® Polyimide SP and SCP Materials

  • Ball valves and backup rings, especially Vespel® SP-21

PPS (often filled grades)

  • Lantern rings
  • Downhole insulators

Nylon

  • Sheaves
  • Poppets
  • Wear pads
  • Various bearing components

Continue Your Research

Not sure which materials best fit your needs?

Our experienced sales and technical teams are available to assist you with material selection challenges.

FAQs

Can plastic materials provide cost-effective alternatives to metals in oil and gas applications?

How does Curbell Plastics work to ensure it provides only high-quality materials?

I am having issues machining split rings out of 30% glass-filled (GF) PEEK due to excessive springing. Do you offer a lower-stress version?

Are carbon-filled or wear-grade PEEK tubes available via the spin molding process?

Can you provide MTRs (material testing reports) showing that provided materials meet the specifications of major oil and gas companies like Schlumberger, Halliburton, Weatherford, etc.?

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Curbell Plastics, Inc. Unauthorized use is strictly prohibited. All other trademarks, service marks and logos used herein are property of their respective owners. All rights hereto are retained by Curbell Plastics and any third party owners of such rights. All statements, technical information and recommendations contained in this publication are for informational purposes only. Curbell Plastics, Inc. does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information contained herein and it is the customer's responsibility to conduct its own research and make its own determination regarding the suitability of specific products for any given application.

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